GSO ISO 4120:2023

Gulf Standard   Current Edition
· Approved on 03 May 2023 ·

Sensory Analysis — Methodology — Triangle Test

GSO ISO 4120:2023 Files

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GSO ISO 4120:2023 Scope

This document specifies a procedure for determining whether a perceptible sensory difference or similarity exists between samples of two products. The method is a forced-choice procedure. The method is applicable whether a difference exists in a single sensory attribute or in several attributes.

The method is statistically more efficient than the duo-trio test (described in ISO 10399), but has limited use with products that exhibit strong carryover and/or lingering flavours.

The method is applicable even when the nature of the difference is unknown [i.e. it determines neither the size nor the direction of difference between samples, nor is there any indication of the attribute(s) responsible for the difference]. The method is applicable only if the products are homogeneous.

The method is effective for:

a) determining that:

  1. either a perceptible difference results (triangle testing for difference);
  2. a perceptible difference does not result (triangle testing for similarity),

when, for example, a change is made in ingredients, processing, packaging, handling or storage;

b) selecting, training and monitoring assessors.

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